A Tribute to our Freedom Fighters #5.

Posted: 02/06/2011 in Tributes

Bhikaji Cama,   (Sept, 24, 1861   /   Aug, 13, 1936 )

Born in a rich Parsi family at Bombay, Bhikaji Cama, also known as Madame Cama was an outstanding lady of great courage, fearlessness, integrity, perseverance and passion for freedom and a pioneer amongst those who martyred their lives for India’s freedom and was considered the Mother of Indian Revolution.

In 1896, Bombay Presidency was adversely hit by plague. Being a nationalist and a social worker Cama voluntarily worked for the victims of plague later she herself was infected by the disease, but became very weak and was advised to go to Europe for rest and further treatment. In 1902 she left for London and there too she worked for promoting India’ freedom struggle.  She had also worked as private secretary to Dadabhai Navaroji, a great Indian leader.

She was constantly making people realize the importance of freedom from British rule.  The Bitishers unpleased with her popularity concocted an assassination but fortunately Cama came to know about the planned murder and escaped to France.   In France, her house was a shelter for revolutionaries from all over the world, the British even asked for her deportment which the French govt negated, which led the British to exile her.

In 1905, Cama along with her friends designed the India’s first tricolor flag with green, saffron and red stripes bearing the immortal words – Bande Matram. This flag was raised by Madam Cama On August 22, 1907, for India’s Independence at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart, Germany. After 35 years fighting for India’s independence on foreign land she returned to India and died.


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